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The Classic Negroni Cocktail is made of one part gin, one part sweet vermouth rosso, and one part Campari, and is garnished with an orange peel. A lemon peel twist may be used instead for garnish, depending on an individual's personal preference. A Negroni is considered an apéritif. Traditionally, this cocktail is served in a chilled cocktail glass, but may also be served in a chilled martini glass or on the rocks. 

The Negroni Cocktail - The Story, Original Recipes and Variations

The Classic Negroni is also an IBA Official Cocktail, which is one of many cocktails selected by the International Bartenders Association (IBA) for use in the annual World Cocktail Competition (WCC). The IBA strives to maintain the integrity of classic cocktails by utilizing the exact ingredients and procedures passed down from the original conceptions of each drink.

Although the Negroni Cocktail has evolved into the more popular of the two, the "Americano Cocktail" is actually the predecessor of the Negroni. The Americano is composed of Campari, sweet vermouth and club soda. The Americano was first served in Italian creator Gaspare Campari's bar, Caffè Campari, in the 1860s. It was originally known as the "Milano-Torino" because of its ingredients: Campari, the bitter liqueur, is from Milan (Milano) and Punt e Mes, the vermouth, is from Turin (Torino). There is a popular belief that in the early 1900s, the Italians noticed a surge of Americans who enjoyed the cocktail. As a compliment to the Americans, the cocktail later became known as the "Americano". Another explanation is the name was derived from the Italian language word "amaro", which means "bitter".


"Classic Negroni" recipe: 

Special equipment: 1 coupe glass


  1. 1 ounce of gin
  2. 1 ounce sweet vermouth rosso
  3. 1 ounce of Campari 
  4. Orange peel garnish.


Combine the gin, sweet vermouth, and Campari in a glass cocktail shaker, add ice, and stir until chilled. Strain the mixture into a chilled coupe glass. Garnish with a twisted orange peel and serve immediately. (May also be served on the rocks)

*Pro Tip: Be sure to use The BarBack Tool Peeler a for perfectly peeled orange twist every time!


While the drink's origins are unknown,
the most widely reported account is that The Negroni was first mixed in Florence, Italy, in 1919, at Caffè Casoni (formerly Caffè Giacosa), located on Via de' Tournabuoni and now called Caffè Roberto Cavalli. Count Camillo Negroni concocted it by asking the bartender Fosco Scarselli, to strengthen his favorite cocktail, the Americano, by adding gin rather than the normal soda water. The bartender also added an orange garnish rather than the typical lemon garnish of the Americano to signify that it was a different drink. Since the drink was conceived before the invention of dry gin, the kind of gin used would have likely been barrel aged or Old Tom style.

After the success of the cocktail, the Negroni Family founded Negroni Distillerie in Treviso, Italy, and produced a ready-made version of the drink, sold as Antico Negroni 1919. One of the earliest reports of the drink came from Orson Wells in correspondence with the Coshocton Tribune while working in Rome on Cagliostro in 1947, where he described a new drink called the Negroni, "The bitters are excellent for your liver, the gin is bad for you. They balance each other."

Cocktail historian David Wondrich has researched Camillo Negroni, who was born on 25 May 1868 to Enrico Negroni and Ada Savage Landor, and died in Florence on 25 September 1934. While his status as a count is questionable, his grandfather, Luigi Negroni, was indeed a count.

Descendants of General Pascal Olivier de Negroni, Count de Negroni claim that he was the Count Negroni who invented the drink in 1857 in Senegal. "A Corse Matin" Sunday Edition article dated 2 February 1980 is translated on a descendant's blog: this claims he invented the drink around 1914. An article in the New Hampshire Union Leader reported on the controversy.


In Popular Culture

The Americana was the first drink ordered by James Bond in the first novel in Ian Flemming's series, Casino Royal. In the short story "From a View to Kill" Bond chooses an Americano as an appropriate drink for a mere café; suggesting that "in cafés you have to drink the least offensive of the musical comedy drinks that go with them." Bond always stipulates Perrier, for in his opinion expensive soda water was the cheapest way to improve a poor drink.



  • The Negroni sbagliato is made in the same way as the Negroni, but replacing the gin with sparkling white wine, or Prosecco.
  • The Americano is made with 1 oz Campari, 1 oz Sweet Red Vermouth, a splash of soda
  • The Boulavardier is a similar cocktail that uses whiskey in place of gin.
  • The Dutch Negroni substitutes Jenever for the London dry style gin in the original recipe.
  • Old Pal uses dry vermouth and Canadian rye whisky
  • A Negroni which substitutes gin with tequila is known as an "Agavoni" or "Tegroni".
  • The Moroccan Negroni: A non-alcoholic version of the classic Negroni. Gin is replaced by lemonade.


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